Can Dogs Catch Diseases From Other Animals?

Dogs are incredible and beloved animals that are known for their loyalty, companionship, and ability to protect their owners. However, just like humans, dogs can get sick from various diseases too. Dogs often interact with other animals during walks or visits to the park which raises the question – can they catch diseases from these other animals?

In this article, we will explore the answer to this common concern and provide some tips on how to keep your furry friend healthy. We will also discuss some of the most common diseases that dogs can catch from other animals, and what steps you can take to prevent them from getting sick.

What is zoonotic disease?

Zoonotic diseases are those that can be transmitted from animals to humans. These diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that are present in animals and can be passed on to humans through direct contact or through contaminated food or water. Dogs, being one of the most common household pets, have the potential to carry and transmit zoonotic diseases if they come into contact with infected animals.

It is important to note that while dogs may act as a carrier for zoonotic diseases, they may not necessarily show any symptoms themselves. This makes it all the more crucial to prevent them from interacting with other potentially infected animals.

Some zoonotic diseases, such as rabies and Lyme disease, are well-known and highly preventable through vaccinations and proper hygiene practices. However, there are many other less common diseases that dogs can catch from other animals, making it essential for owners to educate themselves and take necessary precautions to keep their furry friends safe.

Can Dogs Catch Diseases from Other Animals?

The short answer is yes, dogs can catch diseases from other animals. As mentioned earlier, zoonotic diseases can be transmitted through direct contact with infected animals or their bodily fluids, such as saliva or blood. This means that if a dog comes into contact with an infected animal, they have the potential to contract and spread the disease.

Some of the most common diseases that dogs can catch from other animals include parvovirus, ringworm, and giardia.

Plus, dogs can also catch illnesses from other animals that may not be zoonotic but still pose a risk to their health. For example, leptospirosis, a bacterial infection, can be transmitted through contact with the urine of infected animals such as rodents or raccoons.

Common diseases in dogs

As mentioned earlier, there are various diseases that dogs can catch from other animals. Some of the most common ones include:

Canine parvovirus

Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a highly contagious viral disease that affects dogs of all ages, but especially puppies. It is primarily spread through contact with infected faeces and can also survive in the environment for long periods, making it easy for other animals to catch.

Symptoms of CPV include severe vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, and dehydration. While there is no specific treatment for this virus, supportive care such as fluid therapy and antibiotics can help the dog recover. The best way to prevent your dog from catching CPV is by ensuring that they are up-to-date on their vaccinations and avoiding contact with unvaccinated or sick dogs.


Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection commonly spread through the urine of infected animals, such as rats, mice, and other wildlife. Dogs can contract this disease by drinking or coming into contact with contaminated water sources or soil.

Symptoms of leptospirosis include fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, lethargy, and jaundice. In severe cases, it can also lead to kidney and liver failure. Vaccinations are available to prevent this disease, but it is also important to keep your dog away from potentially contaminated areas.

Lyme disease

Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and is primarily transmitted through tick bites. While dogs may not show any symptoms, they can act as a carrier and pass on the bacteria to humans. Symptoms in dogs include fever, lethargy, joint pain, and loss of appetite.

To prevent your dog from getting Lyme disease, it is important to regularly check for ticks and remove them promptly. Vaccinations are also available to protect against this disease.


Roundworms are intestinal parasites that commonly affect puppies and can be transmitted through contact with infected faeces or soil where these worms live. These worms can cause serious health issues such as diarrhoea, vomiting, weight loss, and anaemia if left untreated.

Prevention includes keeping your dog away from areas where other animals have defecated and ensuring that they are regularly dewormed by a veterinarian.

These are just a few of the many diseases that dogs can catch from other animals. It is crucial for dog owners to be aware of these risks and take necessary precautions to keep their furry friends safe and healthy.

How to prevent your dog from catching diseases

Proper vaccination is the first line of defence against many diseases that dogs can catch from other animals. It is essential to keep your dog up-to-date on all required vaccinations and booster shots recommended by your veterinarian.

Additionally, it is important to keep your dog away from potentially infected animals and areas. This includes avoiding contact with stray or wild animals, keeping your dog on a leash during walks, and preventing them from drinking or swimming in contaminated water sources.

Maintaining good hygiene practices can also go a long way in preventing the spread of diseases. Regularly washing your dog’s bedding, toys, and food bowls can help eliminate any potential disease-causing agents. Plus, practising good personal hygiene, such as washing your hands after handling other animals, can prevent the transmission of zoonotic diseases.

Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are also crucial in keeping your dog healthy and catching any potential illnesses early on. Your veterinarian can perform routine tests and recommend preventive measures based on your dog’s lifestyle and risk factors.

Plus, having a healthy diet and exercise routine can also boost your dog’s immune system, making them less susceptible to diseases.

Why it is important to protect your dog from diseases

Dogs are an important part of our lives, and it is our responsibility as pet owners to ensure their well-being. Keeping them protected from diseases not only ensures their health but also prevents the spread of these illnesses to other animals and even humans.

Furthermore, treating a sick dog can be expensive and emotionally draining for both the owner and the animal. By taking preventive measures, we can save ourselves from such financial and emotional burdens.

Moreover, certain diseases can have long-term effects on our dogs’ health. For example, Lyme disease can cause chronic joint pain in dogs if left untreated. By protecting them from such illnesses, we are ensuring a happy and healthy life for our furry companions.

Not to mention, the bond between a dog and its owner is unbreakable, and it can be devastating to lose them to a preventable disease. By taking necessary precautions, we can minimise the risk of losing our beloved pets and enjoy their company for years to come. So make sure to prioritise your dog’s health by keeping them protected from diseases.

How to protect yourself and others from diseases transmitted by dogs

As mentioned before, some diseases that can affect dogs are zoonotic, meaning they can be transmitted to humans. Therefore, it is crucial to take necessary precautions to protect ourselves and others from these potential risks.

Firstly, if you or anyone in your household is immunocompromised or has a weakened immune system, it is important to take extra precautions when handling animals. This includes avoiding direct contact with their bodily fluids and ensuring proper hygiene practices after handling them.

Regular hand washing is also vital in preventing the spread of diseases. Make sure to wash your hands thoroughly after handling your dog or any other animal.

By taking these simple precautions, we can protect ourselves and others from potential health risks associated with dogs. Remember that our furry friends rely on us for their health and well-being, so it is our responsibility to keep them and those around us safe from diseases.

Mistakes to avoid when protecting your dog from diseases

Here are some common mistakes that pet owners make when trying to protect their dogs from diseases:

  • Not staying up-to-date: Vaccines need to be updated regularly, so make sure to keep track of when your dog needs their booster shots and other vaccinations recommended by your veterinarian.
  • Neglecting hygiene: Good hygiene practices are essential in preventing the spread of diseases. Make sure to clean your dog’s living space and belongings regularly, and practise good personal hygiene after handling them or other animals.
  • Not considering lifestyle and risk factors: Different dogs have different lifestyles and risks associated with them. It is important to consult with your veterinarian about preventive measures based on your dog’s specific needs.
  • Not consulting a veterinarian: Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are crucial in maintaining your dog’s health. Do not rely on internet research alone, and make sure to consult a professional for proper guidance on preventive measures for your dog.

By avoiding these mistakes, you can ensure that your efforts in protecting your dog from diseases are effective and comprehensive. Remember that prevention is always better than cure when it comes to the health of our furry friends.

Contact Blakehurst Vet For Your Pet’s Health

Welcome to Blakehurst Vet, the one-stop destination for all your pet’s medical needs. Our experienced team of doctors and nurses are dedicated to providing top-notch services to keep your furry best friend healthy and happy. Conveniently located at 1002 King Georges Road, our spacious and modern facility is equipped with the latest equipment and technology to ensure the best care possible for your pets.

At Blakehurst Vet, we understand that a trip to the vet can be stressful for both you and your pet. That’s why we have a spacious reception area that is clean, calming, and separates cats and dogs. We also offer same-day appointments for urgent cases, ensuring that your pet receives prompt attention.

Our range of services includes everything from routine check-ups to surgery, chemotherapy, and palliative care. We also have a luxurious cat hotel where your feline companion can enjoy their own personal holiday with windows and TVs for their entertainment.

So call us at 9547 2750 or book an appointment online to give your pet the best healthcare experience. We are open Monday to Friday from 8 am-6:30 pm and on Saturdays from 8 am-3 pm.


Can dogs catch diseases from other animals?

Yes, dogs can catch diseases from other animals, including sick cats and other domestic animals. Infected dogs can transmit bacterial infections, viral infections, and other infectious diseases to your pet. It’s essential to monitor your dog’s health and consult with your vet if you suspect exposure.

What are common diseases dogs can catch from other animals?

Common diseases that dogs can catch from other animals include kennel cough, canine influenza, and salmonella infection. Bacterial infections like methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and staphylococcus aureus can also spread among pets. These diseases can cause symptoms such as skin infections, abdominal pain, and respiratory issues.

How can I prevent my dog from catching infectious diseases?

To prevent your dog from catching infectious diseases, avoid contact with infected dog and sick cats. Ensure your pet is up-to-date on vaccinations, including those for kennel cough and canine influenza.

Can dogs transmit diseases to humans?

Yes, dogs can transmit diseases to humans, known as zoonotic diseases. Infected dogs can spread bacterial infections like methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and salmonella human infections to people.


In conclusion, protecting our dogs from diseases not only ensures their well-being but also safeguards our own health and the health of those around us. By staying up-to-date with vaccines, practising good hygiene, and consulting with a veterinarian regularly, we can minimise the risk of diseases in our beloved pets.

And remember to prioritise your furry friend’s health by providing them with proper care and attention. Contact Blakehurst Vet for all your pet’s medical needs and give them the best possible life in return for their unconditional love and companionship.